Category Archives: Mac

Surviving on Mac – Tips for Windows Users: Part 4 – Finder

In previous parts of the series we’ve discussed shortcuts, applications and windows, in this episode I’m going to give you some tips about Finder, the file manager on Mac, and others.

Closing Finder

This will be short: don’t even try, it is not possible to close Finder 🙂

Navigating to the parent folder

To navigate to the parent of the current folder right-click the name of the current folder in the title of the window. A small menu will be displayed that lists all the parent folders.

mac-finder-parent

Showing extensions

To customize Finder click the Preferences… menu item in the Finder menu, then navigate to the Advanced tab in the Finder Preferences window. To make the extensions visible enable the Show all filename extensions option.

mac-finder-preferences

You can find many other useful settings in the Finder Preferences window, for example on the General tab you can define which folder will be open by default when you launch Finder.

Showing the breadcrumb

The breadcrumb is called Path Bar in Finder, and you can enable it in the View menu, with the Enable Path Bar menu item (Alt+Command+P).

The Path Bar is displayed on the bottom of the Finder window, and you have to double-click onto the folder names to navigate to the desired folder.

mac-finder-breadcrumb

Showing the status bar

The status bar can show very useful information, for example the number of files selected and the available free disk space. To enable it open the View menu, and click the Show Status Bar (Command+/) menu item.

Showing hidden files

Finder by default does not display hidden files, so any file that has a name starting with the dot character is not listed. To list the hidden files in the current Finder window you can press the Command+Shift+. (dot) shortcut, or you can use the following command in Terminal to always list the hidden files in Finder:

defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles YES

Connecting to a Windows network share

To connect to a Windows network share open the Go menu and click the Connect to Server… menu item. In the Connect to Server dialog enter the path to the network share in this format: smb://servername/foldername

Midnight Commander in English

If you prefer Midnight Commander over Finder and use Mac with non-English regional settings you may be surprised that MC will display in your preferred language. Add the following line to your ~/.bashrc file to force English UI in Midnight Commander:

alias mc=’LANG=en_EN.UTF-8 mc’

Jumping to a folder in the Terminal

To jump to a folder in the Terminal without typing its full path you can use Z (https://github.com/rupa/z). It learns your most frequently used folders and you can navigate to them just typing a part of their names. For installation and usage follow the steps in the README.

 

To be continued…

Advertisements

Surviving on Mac – Tips for Windows Users: Part 3 – Windows

After learning the basic shortcuts and how to start, install and uninstall applications, in this part of the series I’m going to give you some tips about managing the application windows on Mac.

Finding an application window

There are several ways to switch back to an application window you were using earlier:

  • Use Command+Tab to navigate between the running apps.
  • Swipe up with 3 fingers to go to Mission Control that shows all non-minimized windows on the current desktop.
  • Swipe with 3 fingers to left or right to switch between desktops.
  • Look for your window on the right side of the Dock.
  • Look for your app among the status icons at the top of your screen.

Grouping windows

By swiping up on the touch pad with 3 fingers you can start Mission Control which shows all your windows. To get to Mission Control using your mouse go to System Preferences, select Mouse applet and enable Mission Control on the More Gestures tab.

mac-mouse-gestures

You can force grouping of the multiple windows of the same application by enabling the Group windows by application option in the System Preferences, Mission Control dialog.

mac-mission-control-preferences

Moving the Dock

You can customize the position of the Dock by clicking the Apple menu, then the System Preferences… menu item and selecting the Dock applet.

mac-dock-config

To move the Dock between multiple monitors just move your mouse to the bottom of the desired screen and wait a few seconds – the Dock will jump to that screen.

Maximizing a window

You can maximize a window by double-clicking its title bar. On Mac this is called “zoom”. The window will resize itself to use as much space as possible on your desktop without hiding the Dock or the menu bar at the top of the screen. (This trick may not work with or may work differently with applications that customize their window frame, like Slack or Microsoft Word.)

You can also maximize a window by clicking the Green dot on the left of its title bar. This will resize the window to use your full display. Because in this mode both the Dock and the menu bar is hidden, this mode is useful if you are focusing on one application. Or you can maximize multiple apps on multiple displays, and switch between them with the 3-finger left-right swipe gesture.

When you switch between apps using the Command+Tab shortcut maximized windows are sliding left and right, normal windows are just moved to the foreground.

Returning from full screen

To restore a window that you maximized before with the green dot to non-full screen just move your mouse to the top of the window and wait until the menu bar and the window frame slides in from the top. Click the green dot again to scale the window back to normal size.

Minimizing a window, so you can find it later

Minimizing a window is easy: just click the Yellow dot in the application window frame or press the Command+M shortcut. But finding it to restore it can be tricky!

By default applications are minimizing itself to their launch icon on the Dock, so to restore their window just click on their icon on the Dock again.

However, by turning off the Minimise windows into application icon option among the Dock options within the System Preferences you can force the windows to minimize themselves to the right side of the Dock.

Closing a window

You can use the Command+W shortcut to close the current window or tab.

Moving windows between displays

At the moment there are no built-in shortcut to move a window to another monitor, but thankfully there are tons of applications that can do this, and even more. I use Spectacle, it is free and minimal.

spectacle

 

To be continued…

Surviving on Mac – Tips for Windows Users: Part 2 – Applications

In this second part of the series, I’m going to give you some tips to manage your applications on your Mac.

Starting apps from Dock

Dock is the name of the giant icon bar at the bottom of the screen. To start an application just click on its icon.
To configure the Dock click the Apple logo on the top left corner, then click the System Preferences… menu item, and select Dock from the System Preferences dialog.

mac-dock-config

Starting apps with Spotlight

You can start applications or search for basically anything by using Spotlight. Press Command+Space and start typing the name of the application.

mac-spotlight

Installing applications

Mac applications are usually distributed as .dmg files without any install wizard. To install the app, double-click the .dmg file. Most apps display a dialog that asks you to drag the application’s icon and drop it to the Applications folder. That’s it.
Installed applications automatically appear in the Launchpad, the full screen application launcher that you can access by clicking the rocket icon on the Dock.

mac-install-app

Uninstall an app

To uninstall an app go to the Applications folder, right click the app’s icon and click Move to Trash.

mac-uninstall-app

Quit from an app

When you click the Red dot on the title bar of an app it is not closed, only minimized to the right side of the Dock. To quit from an app click on its name on the menu bar and click the Quit <appname> menu item, or use the Command+Q shortcut. Note that you cannot quit from Finder.

mac-quit-from-app

Switch between apps

You can use the Command+Tab shortcut to navigate between the running apps. Note that the popup dialog displays every application only once, even if it is running in multiple instance or in multiple windows. When you select an app its window will not be restored if you previously minimized it to the Dock.

Close a window of an app

There are apps that are using multiple windows or tabs. In most apps you can use the Command+W shortcut to close the tabs or windows.

Installing apps from the command line

Homebrew is the most widely used command line tool on Mac to install applications. If you don’t want to learn the numerous command line switches, you can use Cakebrew, which is a simple UI for Homebrew.

mac-cakebrew

 

To be continued…

Surviving on Mac – Tips for Windows Users: Part 1 – Shortcuts

So you have to work on a Mac after being a Windows user in your whole life and you can’t find anything and everything looks so unlogical? In these series I’ve collected few tips that saved my life. In this first part, let’s talk about shortcuts.

Clipboard shortcuts

The clipboard shortcuts on MacOS are triggered with the Command key, instead of Control, otherwise they are the same:

Copy: Command+C

Cut: Command+X

Paste: Command+V

Shortcut cheat sheet

Media Atelier created a CheatSheet application that displays the available shortcuts for the current app in a popup window if you press the Command button for a few seconds:

CheatSheet-app

It is very handy to learn new hotkeys.

Taking a screenshot

There is no Print Screen button on a Mac keyboard, but you have several shortcuts to take a screenshot in different ways:

Take screenshot: Shift+Command+5

Save screenshot: Shift+Command+3

Copy screenshot: Control+Shift+Command+3

Save screenshot (selection): Shift+Command+4

Copy screenshot (selection): Copy+Shift+Command+4

Unless you are a pianist, these are not short at all, so let’s call them hotkeys instead 😉

Locking the screen from the Touch bar

Click on the Apple logo on the top left to get to the system menu, and there you can see that the hotkey for locking the screen is Control+Command+Q, and for log out is Shift+Command+Q.

Mac-lock-screen-hotkey

If your Mac has a Touch Bar, you can add the Lock button to it, so it will always be at your fingertip, and minimize the risk that you will press the log out combo instead.

Mac-keyboard-settings

Click the Apple logo on the top left corner, then click System Preferences.

In the System Preferences dialog click Keyboard, then click the Customize Touch Bar button at the bottom.

Select the Screen Lock icon and drag it to the bottom of your screen, like you were physically moving it out from the display to the Touch Bar.

Using the same technique you can also add the Screenshot button to your Touch Bar.

 

To be continued…